Research in Critical Discourse Studies - Website Teun A. van Dijk


Project on Discourse and Knowledge



This multidisciplinary project systematically investigates the relations between discourse and knowledge.  Firstly, the epistemological foundation of the project will consist of a new definition of knowledge in terms of belief consensus in epistemic communities and knowledge attribution in discursive contexts. Secondly, the cognitive theory focuses on a typology of knowledge and on the strategies of the acquisition, activation, application and change of knowledge in text processing. It will be investigated whether and how knowledge management in text processing is controlled by a special knowledge device in the mental context models of the speech participants. Thirdly, the linguistic and discourse analytical part of the project will investigate the structures and strategies at all levels of text and talk, especially those of local and global meaning, that manifest these forms knowledge management: (in) definiteness, give-new and topic-comment relations, presuppositions, implications, evidendiality, etc. Fourthly, if knowledge is defined as a form of social cognition, also the social dimension of knowledge management needs to be investigated, especially for public discourse in education, science and the media, involving both interactional and institutional aspects of knowledge distribution as well as strategies of power and legitimization. Finally, the cultural aspects of the relations between discourse and knowledge will be investigated, such as the notion of (cultural) Common Ground as the basis of all (discourse) comprehension and interaction in given cultures -- defined as epistemic communities.


My publications on discourse and knowledge (updated May 2013)



Knowledge frames, macrostructures and discourse comprehension. Paper 12th Carnegie-Mellon Symposium on Cognition, Pittsburgh, 1976. In: M. Just & P. Carpenter, (Eds.) Cognitive Processes in Comprehension . Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1977, 3-32.

Context and cognition. Knowledge frames and speech act comprehension. Journal of Pragmatics 1, 1977, 211-232.

Types of knowledge in discourse processing. Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 2001.
Spanish version in Giovanni Parodi (Ed.), Lingüística e Interdisciplinariedad: Desafíos del nuevo milenio. Ensayos en honor a Marianne Peronard. (pp. 43-66). Valparaíso: Editorial Universitaria de Valparaíso, 2002.

Knowledge and News. Revista Canaria e Estudios Ingleses 49, noviembre 2004, pp. 71-86.
Spanish version: El conocimiento y las noticias. En: J. V. Gavaldà, C. Gregori Signes, & R. X. Rosselló Ivars (Eds.), La cultura mediàtica.  Modes de representació i estratègies discursives. (pp. 249-269). Universitat de València, Facultat de Filologia, 2002.

The Discourse-Knowledge Interface. In Gilbert Weiss & Ruth Wodak (Eds.), Critical Discourse Analysis. Theory and Interdisciplinarity. (pp. 85-109). Houndsmills, UK: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2003.

Knowledge, discourse processing and education. Paper International Congress on Writing and Reading, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, December 9-13, 2001.
Spanish version: Conocimiento, elaboración del discurso y educación. Escribanía 8 (enero-junio, 2002), pp. 5-22. Universidad de Manizales, Colombia.

Discourse, knowledge and ideology. In Martin Pütz, JoAnne Neff & Teun A. van Dijk (Eds.),  Communicating Ideologies. Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Language, Discourse and Social Practice. (pp. 5-38). Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang, 2004.

Knowledge in parlamentary debates.  Journal of Language and Politics ,  2(2003), 93-129.  Special issue on identity politics. Ed. by Paul Chilton.

Contextual knowledge management in discourse production. A CDA perspective. In Ruth Wodak and  Paul Chilton (Eds.), A New Agenda in (Critical) Discourse Analysis. (pp. 71-100) Amsterdam: Benjamins, 2005.

Specialized discourse and knowledge. A case study of the discourse of modern genetics. En E. M. Morato, A. C. Bentes & M. L. Cunha Lima (Eds.), Homenagem a Ingedore Koch. Cadernos de Estudos Lingüisticos 44, Unicamp, Campinas, Brasil, 2003, pp. 21-56.

Popularization discourse and knowledge about the genome. Discourse & Society, 15(4), 369-389 (with Helena Calsamiglia as first author).

Some Observations on the Role of Knowledge in Discourse Processing. In Trends and Directions. Proceedings of the 12th English in Southeast Asia Conference, December 12-14, 2007. (pp. 89-102). Bangkok: School of Liberal Arts, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, 2008.

Discourse and knowledge. In James Paul Gee & Michael Handford (Eds.), Handbook of Discourse Analysis. (pp. 587-603). London: Routledge, 2012. 

Discourse, knowledge, power and politics. Towards Critical Epistemic Discourse Analysis. In Christopher Hart (Ed.), Critical Discourse Studies in Context and Cognition. (pp. 27-63). Amsterdam: Benjamins, 2011
(Spanish version in Revista de Investigación Lingüística (Murcia, Spain), 13(2010), 167-215.)

Text, context and knowledge. Unpublished.
Partial French version published in Semen. Revue de sémio-linguistique des textes et discours, 27 (avril, 2009), pp. 127-155.

Discourse and the Production of Knowledge. In Norbert M. Seel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. (pp. 1001-1006). Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
(Portuguese version, Discurso e produção de conhecimento, in Beth Brait & Maria Cecilia Souza-e-Silva (Eds), Texto ou Discurso. (pp. 257-268). São Paulo: Contexto, 2012)

Knowledge, Discourse and Domination. In Michael Meeuwis & Jan-Ola Östman (Eds.), Pragmaticizing Understanding. Studies for Jef Verschueren. (pp. 151-196). Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2012.

A note on epistemic discourse analysis. British Journal of Social Psychology, Volume 51 (pp. 478-485). Special Issue "Twenty five years of discursive psychology, edited by Martha Augoustinos, 2012.